- The smallest site: Hosnies Spring, Christmas
Island, Australia, with 0.33 ha.
- Other small sites: three sites with 1 ha each, contributed
by Guinea, Korea and United Kingdom.
- Largest sites:
Ngiri-Tumba-Maindombe, Congo Democratic Republic, over 6.5 Mha.
Queen Maud Gula, Canada, over 6.2 Mha.
Grands Affluents, Congo, over 5.9 Mha.
Okavango Delta System, Botswana, over 5.5 Mha.
Plaines dinondation des Bahr Aouk et Salamat, Chad, over
Delta intérieur du Niger, Mali, over 4.1 Mha.
Pantanal Boliviano, Bolivia, over 3.1 Mha.
Plaines dinondation du Logone et les dépressions
Toupouri, Chad, over 2.9 Mha.
Reentrancias Maranhenses, Brazil, over 2.6 Mha.
Plaine de Massenya, Chad, over 2.5 Mha.
Gueltas et Oasis de lAïr, Niger, 2.4 Mha.
Polar Bear Provincial Park, Canada, over 2.4 Mha.
Réserve Naturelle Nationale des Terres Australes Françaises,
Antarctica, site proposed by France, with over de 2.2 Mha.
- Countries contributing the largest area to Ramsar total:
Canada, 13 Mha.
Chad, over 12 Mha.
Russia, over 10 Mha.
Sudan, 9.2 Mha.
Congo, 8.45 Mha.
Mexico, 8.1 Mha.
Australia and Democratic Republic of Congo, each with over 7
Botswana, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Guinea, each with over 6
- How much area does each of the 10 largest countries contribute
and what percentage of their total territory does it represent?
1) Russia: 10,324,000 ha. 0.60% of its territory
2) Canada: 13,067,000 ha. 1.31% of its territory
3) USA: 1,313,000 ha. 0.13% of its territory
4) China: 3,168,000 ha. 0.33% of its territory
5) Brazil: 6,434,000 ha. 0.75% of its territory
6) Australia: 7,510,000 ha. 0.97% of its territory
7) India: 670,000 ha. 0.20% of its territory
8) Argentina: 3,705,000 ha. 1.34% of its territory
9) Kazakhstan: 465,000 ha. 0.17% of its territory
10) Sudan: 9,189,600 ha. 3.66% of its territory
- Most curious contribution:
France contributes Antarctic lands, which under the Antarctic
Treaty is under special jurisdiction and environmental protection
is already intrinsic, thereby not requiring additional protection.
- Country that contributes the least: Monaco, with
- Countries that contribute the most in relation to their
Congo, with over 8 Mha., contributing over 24 % of its territory.
Botswana, with over 6 Mha, contributing over 11% of its territory.
Chad, with over 12 Mha, contributing almost 10% of its territory.
These are followed in decreasing order by France (with the curious
anomaly mentioned above), Bolivia and Peru with almost 6% of
their territories, Mexico, UK, Mali and Congo R.D. with approximately
4%, and Argentina, Germany, Australia and Canada with between
2% and 1% of their territories.
- Trans-border sites:
As with landscapes and ecological regions, there are sites
included in the Ramsar Convention that cannot be divided and
constitute ecological units beyond political circumstances and
are therefore shared by more than one country in international
border areas. Presently there are 12 such sites and, even though
they are mentioned in the general list as individual sites, in
fact these natural resources are shared by various countries
along international borders: Hungary-Slovakia in three sites,
Belgium-Luxemburg, Austria-Czech Republic-Slovakia, Czech Republic-Poland,
Estonia-Latvia, Hungary-Slovakia, Belarus-Ukraine, Austria-Germany,
France-Germany, and Gambia-Senegal.
of RAMSAR Sites